The Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest sled dogs. It is native to the United States and belongs to the working dog group under the AKC classification. Because of its well-developed limbs and strong physique, it is cultivated for endurance rather than speed, so their main purpose is to pull sleds.
Morphological characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute
Alaska is larger, with fluffy hair, handsome and graceful appearance, with a cold appearance like a wolf, but a very friendly heart, and is often mixed with huskies. His body is bigger than a husky, and his hair is longer than a husky.
According to the description of the AKC, the golden body shape that Alaskan Malamute should have is-a male dog with a shoulder height of 25 inches (63.5 cm) and a weight of 85 pounds (39 kg); a female dog with a shoulder height of 23 inches (58.4 cm) and a weight of 75 pounds ( 34 kg).
Generally, a male Alaskan Malamute with a shoulder height of 22 inches (55.9 cm) ~ 27 inches (68.6 cm) and a female adult dog between 21 inches (53.3 cm) and 25 inches (63.5 cm) are acceptable. At the same time, the weight is greater than Individuals of 41 kg or less than 34 kg are very common
Body size standard
Occasionally, male individuals weighing more than 120 pounds (54 kg) can be seen, and some breeders who specially select dogs with extremely large body sizes call these selected large-body populations “giant Malamute” (giant Malamute). Although neither the AKC nor the FCI has specified the upper limit of the size of the Alaskan Malamute, due to the adverse effects on the bones and physical development, this individual is considered inappropriate for the purebred Alaskan Malamute and is not considered. Accepted by AKC’s purebred dog standards. (This is uncommon and such dogs are produced primarily by breeders who market a’giant Malamute.’ These large sizes are not in accordance with the breed’s history or show standards.)
The Alaskan Malamute has a wide and deep head, not rough or clumsy, and is in proper proportion to the body. The expression is soft and full of friendship. The eyes are slightly slanted on the head. The color of the eyes is brown, almond-shaped, and of medium size. The darker the eye color, the better. Blue eyes are a disqualification. The ears are medium in size, but slightly smaller than the head. The ears are triangular with slightly rounded tips.
The Alaskan Malamute’s ears are very open, located at the back of the outside of the head, in line with the outer corner of the eye. When the ears are erect, it is like standing on the head. The erect ears may lean forward slightly, but when the dog is working, the ears sometimes fold toward the head. Too high ears are a fault.
The head between the ears of the Alaskan Malamute is wide and slightly raised, gradually narrowing and flattening from the top of the head to the eyes, and the part near the cheek becomes relatively flat. There are slight wrinkles between the eyes.
The outline of the Alaskan Malamute’s head and the outline of the muzzle are like two straight lines that are slightly folded downwards. Compared with the head, the muzzle appears long and larger, and the width and depth gradually decrease from the position where the head is combined to the direction of the nose.
Alaskan Malamutes, except for dogs with red backs, all dogs of other colors should have black noses, eye circles and lips. Red-coated dogs are allowed to have brown noses, eye rims and lips. “Snow noses” with light-colored stripes are allowed. Lips are tightly closed. The upper and lower jaws are wide and the teeth are huge. The bite is a scissors bite, and overshot or undershot bite is a fault.
Alaskan Malamute’s back hair is a kind of “dense and polar characteristic” double back hair. The inner layer is rich in fluff, and the outer layer is harder needle-like hair. Generally, it is similar to the back hair of a husky, but to a certain extent, it is slightly rougher than the back hair of a husky (harsher). The outer needle-like hairs should not be too long or soft in texture. This is considered a defect.
The common color of back hair is a combination of white and smoky gray, black, sable, red, sand and other colors. Colors other than white are acceptable regardless of the shade. The hair color pattern on the face often presents a cross with two points of white eyebrows or all white and any appearance in between. There is no substantial difference between the color of the back coat of the Alaskan Malamute and the color of the back coat of the Husky.
In the giant populations specially selected by some breeders in some areas, there are also long back hairs that are not consistent with the polar characteristics. Long-haired individuals are not accepted by AKC and FCI, do not meet the standards of purebred dogs, and cannot compete. However, in some areas, the appearance of long-haired individuals is also favored by some owners. Because the hair quality of long-haired individuals is greatly deteriorated compared with that of normal back-haired individuals, and the accompanying bone and joint genetic diseases are prominent, the breeding association of purebred dogs does not encourage long-haired individuals to reproduce.
neck top line body
The neck is strong and slightly curved. The chest is quite developed. The body structure is simple, but not short and small. The back is straight, slightly inclined towards the hips. The waist is firm and muscular. Too long waist will weaken the entire back, which is a fault. The position of the tail is at the end of the spine. When they are not working, their tails will roll over their backs. Their tails are not tightly curled around their backs, and the hair on their tails is not as short as a brush. The Alaskan Malamute’s tail has soft fur, which looks like wavy feathers.
The shoulders are moderately inclined; the forelimbs are strong and muscular. Viewed from the front, they are straight from the shoulders to the wrists. Viewed from the side, the wrist is short and strong, slightly slanted. The feet are snowshoe-shaped, tight and deep, and with suitable foot pads, they appear stable and simple. The feet are large, with tight and slightly arched toes. Protective hair grows between the toes. The pads are thick and tough; the toenails are short and strong.
The hind legs are wide and the entire thigh muscles are very developed; the back knee joints are moderately inclined; the hock joints are moderately inclined and properly downward. Observed from behind, whether standing or walking, the hind legs are in the same straight line with the corresponding front legs, neither too far apart nor too close. The dewclaws on the hind legs are not needed, and the dewclaws need to be removed after the puppies are born.
When they curl up in the snow, their tails keep their warmth. They wrap the tail around the nose and face, which helps to resist bad weather such as snowstorms.
The life span of Alaska is not very long, it can live for about eleven to twelve years. The length of its life is closely related to the living environment, diet, and daily exercise.
Characteristics of Alaskan Malamute
With the continuous development of society, the Alaskan Malamute is loved by many young people. Alaska was used as a working dog in the early years. It has now entered many families. After that, it will gradually become accustomed to family breeding and obey the commands of other people in the family.
The barking index of the Alaskan Malamute is higher than that of the Husky (details); the Malamute is loyal and capable. It is an excellent guard dog and working dog, as well as an emotional family dog, and loves outdoor sports. It gradually needs a lot of exercise during adolescence.
Alaskan Malamute is a dog breed that is very willing to be close to people. It is often heard that people describe it as a “big teddy bear”, so their owners should pay more attention to them. It is better to integrate them into your family than to integrate them into your family. It’s much better to close the door.
The big guy in front of you is extremely smart, he can even understand what you are talking about in private, so sometimes he will be very stubborn and feel bored when he is alone. It is precisely because of their stubbornness that they will encounter certain troubles in the process of receiving training.
Although the Alaskan Malamute is very friendly to people, it will show its ferocity when encountering other dogs invading its territory. Parents are best to take them out when they are young, and participate in dog parties and other activities, which are very helpful to the dog’s body and mind.
For friends who like but don’t know Allah, they are just big, and for family, they are impeccable playmates and friends.
Alaskan Malamutes are very friendly and belong to “friend dogs” rather than “lonely dogs”. It is a loyal and affectionate partner, giving the impression of nobleness and maturity. Like all sled dogs, the Alaskan Malamute remains extremely friendly to humans. The sled dog that has been growing up in a normal environment is very close to people, full of curiosity and spirit of exploration. Like other sled dogs, the Alaskan Malamute is generally considered to be a dog breed that never attacks humans. If you provoked and angered him beforehand, he would fight back with disastrous consequences.
Alaskan Malamute maintenance knowledge
With the development of society, keeping pets has become a fashion. Because Alaska has strong language skills, handsome appearance, and can understand people’s language, facial expressions and various gestures, more and more people are raising them. Since Alaska’s stomach is inherently bad, the owner should pay more attention to life and diet.
Alaskan Malamutes have high requirements for the environment. Because they are derived from the frigid zone, they are not very resistant to heat and need to maintain a relatively cool environment for a long time. This dog has very strong mobility, so its living environment needs to be more spacious, and more importantly, to ensure that it has sufficient exercise. Alaskan dogs are very large and have thick coats. They like cold but not heat. It is not easy to raise them well.
Common sense of feeding puppies Alaskan Malamute
1. Clean water should be prepared for Alaskan dogs at all times.
2. It is best to feed Alaskan dogs with dry food, and try not to use soup as the main food. 3 months ago, puppies’ food (including dog food) should be completely soaked in water.
3. Do not overeating or feeding irregularly. Due to the uniqueness of the Alaskan dog’s stomach, remember not to feed too much at once. And to ensure that the feeding is regular, do not have a full meal and a hungry meal, this will easily cause stomach torsion and stomach bleeding, and it is not conducive to the absorption of nutrients. Be sure to eat less and more meals (puppies 3 to 4 times a day)
4. Alaskan dog food is taboo raw food and oily food.
5. If possible, mix two kinds of nutrient powders in the dog food, Jiubao and Calcium Stomach.
6. Shampoo can not be used by us, because it will cause serious hair loss.
7. Alaska needs a lot of exercise, it is best to take it for a run every day.
8. The environment should not be too humid, Alaska has thick hair, moisture is not easy to escape, and it is prone to skin diseases such as eczema.
9. The collar used by the dog is best not to be too wide, and it is best not to wear it when not going out, which will affect the straightness of the dog’s hair.
10. Little Alaskan dogs have poor gastrointestinal conditions, so they should not eat too greasy food. It is best not to have oil in the dog food or rice that Alaskan dogs eat.
11. Before the dog is underage, it is best to take two calcium tablets a day to ensure healthy bone development.
12. The water cannot be broken. It is best to bring two more bottles when you go out, otherwise you will spend a lot of money to buy mineral water for it to drink.
13. Alaska has a strong self-cleaning ability, so you don’t need to take a bath frequently. If the environment is not particularly dirty, you can take a bath once every half month or three weeks if you feed it indoors.
14. Prepare a dog-specific comb when moulting, and comb it several times a day, so that it is less likely to make the whole house full of hair.
15. The little Alaskan Malamute must keep up with nutrition 6 months ago, otherwise it will affect the hair color and bones after growing up.
Notes for bathing
1. Before taking a bath, you must comb your coat. This will untie the tangled hair and prevent the coat from becoming more tangled; it can also remove large pieces of dirt for easy washing. Especially the areas around the mouth, behind the ears, underarms, inner thighs, and toes, etc., the areas where dogs are least likely to be groomed should be groomed.
Note: When combing, in order to reduce and avoid the pain of the dog, you can hold the root of the hair with one hand and comb with the other.
2. Suitable temperature for bathing Alaskan Malamute. Generally, the temperature is 36 degrees Celsius in spring, and 37 degrees Celsius is the most suitable in winter.
3. The best time to take a bath for the Alaskan Malamute: The dog should be bathed in the morning or noon. Do not bathe when the air humidity is high or on a rainy day.
4. Blow-dry the Alaskan Malamute’s hair. After washing, it should be blow-dried with a hair dryer or wiped dry with a hair stick. Never put the dog after bathing in the sun to dry. Since a lot of oil on the coat can be removed after bathing, this reduces the dog’s ability to keep cold and skin resistance. Colds, skin diseases, and even pneumonia are prone to cold and hot.
5. When taking a bath, be sure to prevent shampoo from flowing into the dog’s eyes or ears. When flushing, do not let soap foam or shampoo stay on your body to prevent skin irritation and dermatitis.
6. Generally, it is enough to take a bath once every half a month, and you don’t need to take a bath too often.
Last reminder: Because many parents do not know the basic situation of dogs very well, they will neglect many things when taking a bath. Before washing, the dog’s anal glands must be squeezed off, and secondly, the dog’s ears must be washed after washing. Clean up the water and dirty things.