The German Shepherd was bred in Germany in 1899. After 6 changes, the World Shepherd Dog Federation (WUSV) Conference held in May 1991 passed the breed characteristics standard for the dog. The AKC classification belongs to the animal husbandry group, the first During World War II, German shepherd dogs were valued for their participation in the investigation of the enemy, capturing prisoners, and ambulance of the wounded. Now they are mostly used as police dogs, drug detection dogs, and guide dogs. They are also extremely popular family dogs.
German Shepherd’s morphological characteristics
The German Shepherd is a large dog. The first impression it gives people is serious, bold, fierce, confident, and obvious indifference, which makes people afraid to approach. In fact, the German Shepherd is not so terrible, because of its outstanding ability. Companion dog, watch dog, guide dog, shepherd dog or guard dog, no matter what kind of job, he can do it.
The ideal shoulder height for males is about 24-26 inches, and for females 22-24 inches. This range is the ideal height for various competitions and training, but shoulder heights up to 30 inches occasionally appear.
The body length of the German Shepherd is slightly larger than the height, and the ideal ratio is 10/8.5.
Males are about 60-65cm tall and weigh about 33-38kg, while females are about 55-60cm tall and weigh about 26-31kg.
The German Shepherd’s head has a clean and strong head. The eyes are medium in size, generally almond-shaped and slightly inclined.
Ears are drooped when they are young, and they usually start to stand up in about four to six months. If the ears are erected prematurely, it may be a precursor to a larger body shape in the future. The ears are slightly pointed and proportionate to the head. If there are still lop ears or arrow ears in adulthood, it may be caused by man-made (such as being often stroked by the ears in childhood) or caused by malnutrition in childhood. This kind of situation will never be associated with the dog show, but it does not affect its work performance.
The forehead is generally arched, the muzzle is long and strong, the outline is parallel to the outline of the head, and the nose is usually black. The curves of the lips are strong and graceful, and the jaws are firm. 42 teeth, 20 upper teeth and 22 lower teeth. Like other dogs, they change their teeth once in their infancy. You can often see “German Shepherd” puppies spit out their baby teeth.
The neck is well muscled and has a sharp outline. Usually stretch forward to support the head so that it is higher than the shoulders. When you are happy, you will rise high.
“West German Shepherd” tilted back, very stable. The back of the “East German Shepherd” is flat.
The chest is full and broad. Make the heart and lungs have enough space. The chest is slightly forward and protruding, giving a feeling of majesty.
The waist is strong, and the hips are long and slanted. The tail is long, the hair is dense, and the position is low.
The hair is generally short and straight, thick, thick, and flat against the body. The ears and forehead are covered with shorter hair, and the front and rear legs are slightly longer.
The common color of is black on the head, face, back, and tail, and yellow or brown on the lower part. There are many other colors, and there are also uniform tones all over the body. If the color is too strange, such as white, or the hair is too long, or there is no hair, it is a natural defect. But generally does not affect its performance.
The abnormal hair color often encountered is white claws, but one or more claws are white. Although missed the dog show and various competitions, it does not affect work performance. Therefore, “German Shepherd” similar to birth defects can often be seen in police dogs or military dogs.
The pace is a trotting type, with flexible gait, very relaxed, smooth and rhythmic, with very large strides and very low frequency. When trotting, the length and angle of the limbs (the angle between the fingertips, shoulder blade and upper arm, front midfoot and lower arm, thigh and calf, hind midfoot and small foot) should be coordinated, the head should be slightly forward, and the tail should be slightly upward to maintain The body is balanced, so that the tip reaches the neck, back, to the tip of the tail, forming an uninterrupted graceful curve.
German Shepherd Characters
The impression of a good German Shepherd should be strong, stable, confident, natural, and not timid. At the same time, it should have a strong, fierce, witty and aggressive personality, strong body, muscular, and full of vitality. German Shepherds are mostly widely used in military and police dogs. Contribute to social security and harmony. But there are also a lot of dogs that have been popularized in every family and raised as petting dogs.
From the theories of many zoologists, the German Shepherd’s personality refers to the sum of its own vitality, extreme endurance, and personality nerve differences. Of course, personality is an instinct of German shepherd dogs, which is affected by genetic factors and acquired factors. In view of the inherently inherited personality of German shepherd dogs, this cannot be completely changed by training and training. However, parents can change the behavior of the German shepherd dog through acquired training, improve its own physical fitness, and create a more satisfying personality.
The character of the German Shepherd Dog is relatively docile and kind, and it is absolutely obedient and loyal to its owner. It has very keen senses and strong tracking ability. Through scientific training, German shepherd dogs are also widely used in the military and police. For example, anti-drug, security, investigation, search and rescue, tracking, etc.
The personality of the German Shepherd is bold, direct, friendly, and confident. If you know German shepherd dogs, you will find that German shepherd dogs seem indifferent on the surface, which makes it difficult to be approached or establish friendships. But in fact, German shepherd dogs are very approachable. They are not stubborn and willing to accept arrangements. They act calmly. ,Although he has a vigilant personality, he is also full of enthusiasm. Therefore, we don’t have to worry about some problems between the German Shepherd and the family in our lives. When the German Shepherd encounters danger or sees danger in life and work, he will go to rescue desperately. This is also his professional instinct.
German Shepherd Maintenance Knowledge
The German Shepherd is a very good working dog and has been widely used in military camps and police forces. There are also more to be raised as family appreciation dogs. For a large working dog, diet and maintenance under the premise of training is very important. You must have a healthy and strong body to be trained by people.
1. The rules of defecation: Hygienic feeding to prevent peculiar smell, even if the defecation is not in accordance with the rules, do not get angry.
2. Rules for walking: Do not let your dog walk in front of the owner, let it walk on the left side of the owner, and change the walking time and route every day.
3. Let the dog be social: Let the dog remember the rules of the society, strive to win the love of people and other dogs, it is not good to be overly pampered, and should be in contact with dogs in the same mood as cultivating children.
4. Boxing training: After learning this, you don’t have to worry about traveling together or watching the house alone. Don’t leave the impression of being locked up.
5. Stop picking up things on the road to eat: Prevent eating rotten or poisonous things. When the dog just wants to pick up and eat the food that falls on the ground, tighten the rope. Don’t stare at the dog.
6. Stop barking at the doorbell: Don’t let the roaring disturb your neighbors. Use a tape to record the doorbell and ask your friend to ring the doorbell to let the dog understand that barking is futile.
7. Let it remember the room that it cannot enter: In order not to leave a bad impression on annoying guests, blame it when it is about to enter the room.
8. Don’t let it bark randomly: In order not to trouble neighbors, let dogs and people coexist peacefully, find out the reason for the barking.
9. Stop biting bad things: in order to prevent the dog from damaging things.
10. Eating rules: Give the dog whatever it wants to eat, which will harm its health.
11. Education in public housing: Considering that there are people who hate dogs, don’t let it go.
12. The rule when looking at the house alone: In order to prevent the dog from taking things in the room naughty (such as trash baskets).
13. The discipline of bowel movements allows the dog to keep in mind the rules of going to the toilet.
If you keep a dog indoors, please make sure to cultivate the pup’s bowel habits. Dogs love to be clean, and they will not defecate in their den. Therefore, as soon as the puppy arrives at your home, you should first tell it where the potty is and let it defecate there once.
At the beginning, the puppy may defecate in the specified place. At this time, you should take the dog to another house. If it can’t see it, clean the soiled area and spray some deodorant. Agent. Nowadays, the technology is relatively advanced. There is a kind of toilet attractor that can make the dog urinate and defecate at this site after smelling the smell. It is sold in pet shops.
German Shepherd feeding points
The German Shepherd is a well-known dog breed in the army and police. Its mighty and majestic temperament is loved by many young people. He is not only a hardworking working dog, but also an obedient companion dog. When the family has such a good dog, how can we be sloppy when feeding the German Shepherd?
Nutrition can’t be less
Nutrition is a substance necessary to maintain the growth and development of dogs and other life activities. Mainly refers to protein, fat, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. Protein is the main component of organisms and an indispensable nutrient in feed. In the life activities of organisms, protein is a decisive nutrient. Animal protein contains a wide range of amino acids and has an appropriate nutritional ratio. The nutritional value of protein in plant-based feed is low. Long-term use of plant-based feed to feed dogs can easily cause organism dysfunction, such as anemia, slow growth, weight loss, and poor coat growth. Therefore, the animal protein content in the diet accounts for 1/3 of the feed protein.
Fat, as a nutrient substance, can be dissolved in the body’s tissues and organs but insoluble in water. Fat has many functions in the body and is an important form of energy storage. Insufficient fat in the dog’s diet will lead to growth arrest and reproductive disorders. Vitamin A, D, E deficiency, dry skin, epidermal keratosis, poor hair growth and other symptoms.
Carbohydrates account for the largest proportion in the dog’s diet, mainly including sugar, starch, and cellulose, which are an important source of heat energy in the body. Dogs’ carbohydrate requirements are affected by their workload. Less fat, more carbohydrates, in summer, carbohydrates can replace fat to some extent.
Moisture is indispensable
Water is one of the essential nutrients for all tissues and organs of the dog’s body. The water content in the blood is the most, reaching more than 80%, 72-78% in muscles, and 45% in bones. With age and nutritional status, the moisture content changes significantly. The water content is high when it is young, and then gradually decreases. The lean dog has more water content, while the obese dog has less water content. Drinking water, feed water and metabolic water are the main sources of dog body water, and water is discharged through the kidneys, skin, lungs and digestive tract.
Type of feed
Dog feed is divided into animal feed, plant feed, seasoning, additives and commercial feed. Animal feed is the staple food of dogs. Such as beef, milk, eggs, fish, and offal of livestock and poultry are commonly used. Among the meats, beef is the best. Plant-based feed is mainly rice, such as rice, millet, wheat, sorghum rice, and corn. There are also vegetables such as spinach and cabbage.
The seasoning is mainly salt, but excessive amounts can cause allergies and poisoning in dogs.
Additives include minerals, vitamins and trace elements.
Commodity feed refers to feed exclusively for dogs. They are sold in large and small pet shops as well as online.