The Persian cat is also known as Persia, Chinchilla or Himalayan, and the Latin scientific name is Persian. In people’s impression, their names represent the nobility. In China, most people started keeping pet cats from Persian cats. However, the Persian cats raised by most breeders are not pure-bred Persian cats, but non-pure-bred Persian cats bred by some merchants to cater to the consumer market. This can be seen from their prices. In general, pure-bred Persian cats The price of a Persian cat is in the thousands of dollars.
Like many cats, although they are called Persian cats, they are not a breed born in Persia. The Persian cat originated in Persia (Iran). It is a breed born after more than 100 years of selection and breeding in the UK based on the Afghan native longhair cat and the Turkish or Armenian Angora longhair cat. It is said that Queen Victoria raised two blue Persian cats, and the Prince of Wales (Edward VII) praised them at the cat show. Since then, the reputation of Persian cats has grown and the public admired them.
Persian cat morphological characteristics
Most people know that Persian cats follow the noble route, so their every action reveals nobleness. For example, they are not as active as some cats, but like to stay quietly and watch their owners; their calls They are always so soft and beautiful, occasionally screaming like coquettishly, the master’s heart is melted; they will not appear to “fly over” by you when they walk, they seem to maintain their graceful demeanor at all times.
Detailed description of the morphological characteristics of the Persian cat
Head: Round and large, with broad skull and plump cheeks.
Ears: The ears should be small and rounded at the ends, the ears should be tilted forward slightly, the base of the ears should be open, and the distance between the ears should be wide. The base of the ear is lower than the head cover. The eyes are large and round, slightly protruding, well-spaced and well-proportioned.
Eyes: They are large and round, with bright eyes and wide distance between the eyes, giving a lovely look. (Literacy: the color of the eyes is not the same as the blood is very mixed) The eye color is determined by the color of the coat. It is generally believed that the eye color of the Persian cat is blue, green, copper, gold, amber, strange and the two eyes have different colors. (That is, the eyes of mandarin ducks).
Nose: short, flat, and broad; pure-bred Persian cats have a line of nose and eyes, so they are also called first line cats.
Chin: Full, firm and round, well-developed, reflecting a good bite.
Limbs: short and sturdy, with straight front limbs; viewed from behind, straight hind limbs.
Feet: Strong, round and large; toes close together, each with five toes on the forelimbs and four on the hind limbs.
Coat color: The coat color of Persian cats is roughly divided into five major color families, with nearly 88 coat colors. Among them, the monochrome system includes white, black, blue, red, cream and so on. Chinchilla (Chinchilla) color system (= Chinchilla cat) has mouse gray (hair-tip color), gradient silver, gradient gold and so on. Smoke color (Smoke) has smoke color (hair root white, gradient blue, gradient red, etc.. Tabby colors include silver, brown, red, cream, blue, etc.. Mixed colors include tortoiseshell (Tortie), three colors ( Calico), blue cream, and black and white, blue and white, red and white. Red (mostly male) and tortoiseshell (mostly female) are rare, so Persian cats with this coat color are also very precious.
If you want to buy a purebred Persian cat, and you don’t know much about cats, then you’d better bring an expert to accompany you to buy cats. Under normal circumstances, the source of cats in regular pet stores is clear, but the price is higher. The next generation of domestic cats may have poor appearance or insufficient purity, and buyers need to do a good job in identifying them.
Persian cat character characteristics
Don’t think that Persian cats are aristocrats among cats. Their ability to adapt to new environments is very poor. On the contrary, they are very adaptable. Even if they are just brought home, they will not immediately hide in the corner. They will Observe the new environment first, and then slowly take a patrol. If the owner is worried about cats going where they shouldn’t go, they can follow them to accompany them, but they will definitely look like your owner.
Under normal circumstances, Persian cats are relatively close relatives, but in one case-in the hot summer season, some cats will even push you away when you hug them. In summer, cats may prefer to lie on the floor to help themselves through the hot summer. Therefore, the owner should do a good job of cooling off the Persian cat in summer, buying a cooling pad or turning on the air conditioner for the cat regularly, etc. are all good choices.
Although Persian cats are not slow in their actions, it does not mean that their reactions are slow. Persian cats are very responsive, and even a little bit of wind and grass can make them react quickly.
Persian cats are more clingy, but if you can’t take care of them because of your busy work, they will stay quietly watching you are busy. In fact, Persian cats still hope that their owner will comfort them, so when you take a break or finish work, you must interact with them. Touching their bodies and playing small games with them will make them happy.
Persian cat maintenance knowledge
The gorgeous appearance of Persian cats may make many people find it difficult to be squeamish, and the long and dense hair makes many people think that they are not easy to take care of. In fact, Persian cats are not that difficult to raise. Mastering some maintenance skills can completely let them follow in your footsteps. Almost everyone who owns a Persian cat said that as long as it is properly maintained, Persian cats can make your life more joyful. Regarding the care of Persian cats, the owner needs to pay attention to the following points.
1. Help Persian cats groom their hair
Use a neutral soft bristle brush to comb your coat daily. To keep the coat clean and beautiful, shampoo should be used regularly. When the cat’s body is dirty, neutral soap should be used to wash the coat in warm water, and then immediately wash and blow dry. Persian cats are easy to shed their hair, and the fluff on the abdomen is easy to entangle and knot, hide dirt and attract bacteria, so it must be groomed daily and bathed regularly every month. Grooming the cat’s hair can not only make the cat’s hair healthier, but also stimulate the cat’s blood circulation, which is of great benefit to the cat.
2. Prevent cat heatstroke
Persian cats are covered with hair and lack sweat glands on the body surface, so the function of regulating heat regulation is relatively poor. Body heat is not easy to dissipate, and the temperature is relatively high, and it is extremely easy to cause heat stroke. If the cat has shortness of breath, confusion, frequent urination, straight eyes, or falls to the ground in the hot summer, it means that the cat has heat stroke. The following first aid measures can be used:
1. If the cat has heatstroke in the sun, first quickly move the cat to a well-ventilated or shaded place.
2. If there are ice cubes in the refrigerator at home, take the ice cubes out and put them in an ice pack on the cat’s head to lower the cat’s temperature. If there is no ice in the house, you can take some ice water, soak it with a towel, and then help the cat to wipe its head.
3. You can also put the cat in an air-conditioned room without water or ice to help the cat cool down.
4. Use a needle to puncture the cat’s ears or blood vessels on the tail, and ensure that the room is well ventilated.
5. If the above measures are not effective, the pet should be sent to the hospital for professional treatment in time.
Three, bathing is not a trivial matter
If it is a cat who has developed the habit of bathing since childhood, bathing a cat is like bathing a baby, and it can be done by one person. Do not bathe too much water, whichever is not to submerge the cat; or shower, rinse slowly with water. For cats who have no habit of bathing or naughty cats, it is best to have two people cooperate, that is, one person fixes the cat and the other person bathes the cat. When taking a bath, gently pour water on the cat or spray it with water slowly. Be careful not to splash water droplets, because splashing water droplets may scare the cat. After the cat is completely wet, use detergent or neutral soap to gently rub it from the head, neck, back, tail, abdomen to the extremities to generate foam, and then rinse thoroughly with another basin of water or spray. During the whole bathing process, the cat should not be submerged, water should not be poured into the cat’s ears, and the soap foam should not irritate the cat’s eyes. After washing, quickly dry it with a dry towel. And use a comb to comb the cat’s whole body coat, and then put the cat in a warm place. If the indoor temperature is low, use a towel to put on the cat to prevent colds; you can also use a hair dryer to dry, but pay attention to the temperature of the hair dryer; after the coat is completely dry, carefully comb the coat.
Four, about the tears of Persian cats
Persian cats have short nasal passages, which make it easy to shed tears around their eyes. Especially for light-colored cats, it is really ugly to leave tears on the face. In fact, as long as you pay attention to cleaning up every day, you can easily remove it. The simple way is to wipe your eyes with a hot towel every day. You can mix some starch and boric acid powder in half and pat on the tears. The powder can absorb stains and play a bleaching effect. Use a powder of starch and boric acid powder to remove it; first make a paste with water. Carefully apply the paste to the stain and let it dry naturally. After it’s dry, brush it off and wipe it clean. Be careful not to let the powder fall into your eyes. These powder particles falling into the eyes may cause eye ulcers. Boric acid powder is not hard to find, and it has stubborn stains on the cat’s face. You can buy them in general western pharmacies.
Of course, the owner does not have to follow the experience and methods summarized by others to care for their own cats. You can summarize some suitable maintenance methods for your own cats according to your own cat’s personality characteristics, etc., so that your cat can not only enjoy high quality The master’s maintenance work will be a lot easier.
Persian cat feeding requirements
Everyone is advocating healthy, scientific and reasonable feeding of Persian cats, but few owners can really do it. Helping Persian cats to develop good eating habits not only allows them to have a healthy body, but also reduces a lot of trouble for the owner. For example, if the cat has various diseases due to food problems, the owner will have to spend money and work hard, but the cat has to bear it. The pain caused by disease. If you buy a Persian cat, you must pay attention to the following six points when feeding them:
1. Don’t change the food bowl easily
Cat food trays should be fixed for use and cannot be replaced casually. Cats are very sensitive to changing food trays and sometimes refuse to eat because of changing food trays. Keep the food pan clean. Newspaper or plastic paper can be placed under the food pan to prevent the noise when the food pan slides, and it is also easy to clean. Every time the cat eats leftover food, throw it away or put it away, and feed it after it is mixed and cooked with fresh food for the next feeding.
2. Feeding should be fixed regularly
Once the cat’s biological clock for “preparing meals” is formed, it is relatively fixed and should not be changed at will. The place for cat food should be fixed. Cats do not like to eat in the noise and strong light. If there are guests visiting, do not let the guests watch your cat while the cat is eating. The presence of strangers will greatly reduce the cat. Appetite.
3. Let the cat eat the food in the food bowl
Cats have a bad habit of picking food with their claws or grabbing food outside the food tray to eat. Once you find this phenomenon, you must immediately adjust it to correct it.
Fourth, warm food is most liked by cats
Cats like to eat warm food. Cold food and cold food not only affect the appetite of cats, but also easily cause digestive disorders. Under normal circumstances, the temperature of the food should be 30-40 degrees Celsius, and the food taken out of the refrigerator should be heated before being fed. Cats sometimes eat grass to promote digestion.
5. Ensure adequate drinking water
Although cats don’t drink much water, they must have plenty of clean drinking water. Cat drinking water must be clean water, and the water must be changed every day. The drinking basin can be placed on the side of the food tray so that cats can drink freely when they are thirsty.
6. Pay attention to the cat’s appetite at all times
There are many reasons that affect the appetite of cats, mainly including feed, environment and disease. If the cat’s food is single, stale, or the smell, concentration, or taste of the food is not suitable for the appetite, the cat will refuse to eat. If the cat feed is mixed with more variety and palatability, the cat can always maintain a high appetite. In addition, the taste of the food should not be too talkative or too salty. Cats like to eat sweets or fishy foods. In addition, strong light, noise, the presence of strangers, or interference from other animals can affect the appetite of cats. If both of these factors are improved and the cat’s appetite is still not improving, it may be that the cat is sick. At this time, please consult a veterinarian in time.
Letting cats develop good eating habits cannot be completed in a day or two. During this process, the owner is easy to encounter the problem of cats not cooperating. If such a situation is encountered, the owner must not be reluctant and insist on letting the cat. Doing what you stipulated is truly responsible for their lives.