British shorthair cats have a long history, but they did not become popular until the beginning of the 20th century. The cat is chubby and has a medium to large appearance. Its skeleton and muscles are well developed, and its short, fat neck matches with its broad and flat shoulders. The head is round and broad, the body is thick and short, the coat is short and dense, the head is large and the face is round, and the large and round eyes show various colors according to the coat. The biggest feature is that the distance between the ears is very close to the body. The cat is gentle, calm, friendly and easy to keep.
The ancestors of the British shorthair cats can be said to be “great military exploits.” As early as 2,000 years ago, during the ancient Roman Empire, they had fought with Caesar everywhere. In the war, they relied on their superior ability to catch rats to protect the Roman army from being eaten by rats, and fully ensured the stability of the military rear. Since then, these cats have gained a high status in people’s hearts. At that time, they were brought to the territory of the United Kingdom, relying on their strong adaptability, gradually evolved into the indigenous cats of the United Kingdom. It is not only recognized as a master rat catcher, but its handsome appearance is also loved by more people.
By the end of the 19th century, British breeding experts selected the most beautiful cats from these indigenous cats and began a long breeding process. Finally, this breed called the British Shorthair was born. In 1871, the British shorthair cat participated in the Crystal Palace Fair in London, and the breed was named since then. In 1901, the British Cat Club was established. At that time, the British shorthair cats were still large and strong blue cats, much like the French Carthusian cats. Later, as their offspring became more and more alike, they did not even distinguish each other. So FIFE (Britain’s Largest Cat Lovers Association) decided to combine these two breeds into one. After the Second World War, more British shorthair cats have been recognized by cat clubs in various countries. They have entered thousands of households and become companions in people’s lives.
British shorthair cat morphological characteristics
The British Shorthair is a compact, well-proportioned and strong cat. It has a thick body, a full and broad chest, strong legs, short to medium length, round claws, a thick base of the tail, and a blunt tail tip. The head is round, the ears are wide apart, the cheeks are round, the chin is strong, the ears are medium in size, the big round eyes are wide open, and the nose is moderately wide. The coat is short and very dense. The gills of male cats are more developed than female cats, and in every respect they are larger than female cats. It takes three to five years for this breed to fully mature. Cats should show overall symmetry and proportion, and should not overemphasize a certain feature, so as not to induce neglect or extreme tendencies in the breeding process.
Head: round and thick and strong. The round face and skull are matched with a stubby neck. The forehead should be round and the top of the head slightly flat. There should be no slope on the forehead.
Nose: Medium length and wide. Seen from the side, there is a slight depression.
Chin: Strong, well-developed and aligned with the nose and upper lip.
Snout: distinctive, well-developed, and there is a clear boundary around the big and round beard.
Ear: The position of the ear is very important. Medium size, wide at the base of the ears and rounded at the ear tips. The two ears are located far apart, and blend in the round outline of the head appropriately (unbiased).
Eyes: large, round, and wide open. The eyes are wide and flat.
Body: Medium to large size. The structure is compact, strong and powerful. The back is flat and has a broad chest.
Legs: Short to medium length, well-developed and strong. Proportion to the body, the front legs are straight.
Claws: round and strong. The number of toes is the first five and the last four.
Tail: Medium in length and in proportion to the body, thicker at the base and slightly rounded at the tip.
Coat: short, dense, and well set off the body shape, with a texture to the touch. There is no double coat or fluff.
Color: The appearance of shaded tabby patterns in pure, smoke, shaded, shaded golden, bicolor, and tricolor kittens is not bad.
British shorthair cat character characteristics
British shorthair cat (details introduction) is bold and curious, but very gentle and adaptable. It will not change due to changes in the environment, will not lose its temper, and will not bark, it will only crawl as much as possible. Go to a higher place, lower your head and stare at those big round eyes and look down at you with a smile, just like the cat named “Louis” mentioned in “Alice in Wonderland”, without words. , Just grab your heart with that cute facial expression, and can no longer change your love for it.
British shorthair cats have always been known for their curiosity, it will carefully look at every corner of the aggravation. Although the British Shorthair is bold and curious, it is very gentle and adaptable. It will not change due to changes in the environment, will not lose its temper, let alone barking, and will only try to climb higher. Where, I lower my head and stare at those big round eyes looking down at you with a smile on my face. Because they are easy-going and smart, they are often domesticated to shoot Hollywood movies and commercial television.
British shorthair cat maintenance knowledge
It is very important to give British shorthair a comfortable space. It is recommended to buy more scratching boards, and put one in the place where cats usually sleep. Cats have the habit of scratching after getting up. And also give Meow more space where it can hide. Spending some time every day to play with your cat can increase the relationship.
The care of a British shorthair cat will make you feel simple and amazing, because these little guys are naturally beautiful, and their short coat never gets knotted. You only need to comb the whole body with a comb every day. In the depilation period, the owner can comb it a few more times. For British shorthair cats, cleaning is much more important than grooming, because their coat is dense and soft, and dust can easily stay there. Although cats often use its thorny tongue to comb the coat, it cannot completely remove the underlying dust, so bathing it 1-2 times a month can help him clean up the dirt and hair. Cats are naturally happy. Here, we still need to remind the owner to pay attention to the hair ball. The cat has the habit of self-cleaning the tongue, but at the same time it will eat a lot of hair. Therefore, regularly feed it a little hair ball cream to clear the hair ball in the intestines in time. , And also help them care for the stomach.
Cat’s claw is a tool for cats to catch mice, climb and defend themselves. If the owner keeps a cat for the purpose of catching mice, of course he cannot trim his feet. If the owner keeps a cat as a companion animal, he should often trim the cat’s feet to avoid scratching people, scratching clothes, furniture, floors, etc. Trimming the claws should start from a young age, once a month or so.
Hold the British shorthair cat in your arms, grab one foot of the cat with your left hand, and slightly squeeze it with your thumb, index finger, and middle finger to extend the paw. Then hold the nail clipper in your right hand, carefully cut off the transparent part of the front of the claw, and then use the small file on the nail clipper to polish the claw. When trimming, don’t cut too much, so as not to hurt the feet of the British shorthair cat. Then cut off and polish the other paws in turn.
British shorthair cat feeding requirements
When feeding British Shorthair, you should pay attention to it. The nose of British Shorthair is short. The bowl of cat food must not be too deep. The canned food is best to be fed with a plate. Clean up immediately after each cat. Take 2-3 meals a day, adhere to a small amount and more frequently. Feed one can of canned food every day, and it is best not to mix dry food and canned food together. Remember to feed at fixed points and quantify regularly, and the water must be changed every day. Regarding feeding that kind of cat food, my suggestion is to feed high-end cat food. Royal cat food is recommended. This kind of cat food has a good effect on the cat’s digestive system and oral hygiene.
Cat food preservation: It is very important to keep your cat food. Cat food should not be in contact with the air for a long time. Dry food should be stored in a sealed box at ordinary times. There are sealed boxes for storing cat food on the Internet. This must be necessary. The canned food leftover by cats needs to be preserved. Cover the canned food with a pet can lid, then seal it in an airtight box and put it in the refrigerator. Be sure to heat it up when you feed it again. After opening a can, it can only be stored for up to two days even if you put it in the refrigerator. Nutritional products: I usually also give my British short hair some nutritional supplements, the most important thing is vomiting cream. I often feed some snacks for hair care and oral cleaning, and I also feed vitamin cream several times a month. Fresh food: It is strongly recommended to feed British shorthairs with fresh canned cat food. The nutritional value is much higher than ordinary ones. Pay more attention to preservation. Canned food must be eaten one day after opening, and cat food must be eaten within 7 days.