Berman cats, some people call them Borman cats, Burmese holy cats, etc. They are medium-sized cats and their Latin scientific name is Birman. Although they are now distributed all over the world, it is said that they only lived in Myanmar in the past and were raised by monks in temples. Because they were to guard the main hall, they were also considered to be god cats.
After being introduced to Europe and stereotyped, Berman cats have been identified as fixed breeds in Fa and Britain, and then they have also been recognized in the United States after crossing the oceans. Berman cats have a body shape similar to Persian and Himalayan cats, as well as the spots of Siamese cats. They have strong bones, a broad and round head, and a straight nose. The cheeks and ears are all V-shaped. The whole body is covered with long silvery white hair. The color of the face, ears, legs, and tail is getting darker, and the four claws are white, like It’s the same as wearing white gloves, so it is called “Four-hooves Stepping on Snow”.
Berman cat morphological characteristics
Many people confuse Berman cats with puppet cats and Siamese cats. In fact, they are three different cats. From their source, we can get a glimpse of them. Berman cats come from Burma and puppet cats. Born in the United States, Siamese cats are native to Thailand. In addition, their body types are also different. Ragdolls are large cats, while Berman and Siamese cats are of medium size. To better understand the difference between Berman cats and other cats, you must understand their morphological characteristics.
Detailed description of morphological characteristics of Berman cat
Overall: The Berman cat is longer than the typical Persian cat, but has a narrower face and light golden torso, which contrasts with the color of the face, ears, head and tail.
Appearance: medium to large. The body and head are very strong, and the center of gravity is low, giving a feeling of firmness. The ear tips are slightly rounded. The top of the front paws are white, and all the way to the back of the legs are white. A pair of blessed sapphire eyes, four soles that look like snow-white gloves, coupled with a confusing life experience, make the Berman cat known as the “Sacred Cat of Burma” exude a unique temperament.
Head: The front part of the head is tilted backward and is slightly convex. The cheeks are well muscled and round. The facial hair is short, but the outer cheeks are long, and the beard is dense.
Ears: Medium length. The ears are large and erect forward. The ear tips are slightly rounded. The distance between the tips of the two ears is wide. The bases of the two ears are well spaced. Both the cheeks and ears present a characteristic “V” shape, which is very coordinated with the contours of the head. Eyes: They are round and big, they look like they can talk, and they are widely spaced. The color of the eyes is clear blue, and dark blue is better than light blue.
Nose: The bridge of the nose is high and straight, of medium length, and the tip of the nose descends slowly, slightly in the shape of a hooked nose.
Limbs: stubby limbs, well-developed bones, strong and powerful muscles; forelimbs erect.
Feet: Big and round toes, strong grip, short and powerful claws, white claws, like wearing white gloves. The part of the front toe is called a “glove”, and the part of the back toe is called “laces” and extends to the joint point.
Tail: The tail is of medium length, coordinated with the body, and the tail hair is thick.
Eyes: round and large, sapphire and bleu.
Coat: Medium-length hair, not tangled, easy to comb, long and thick hair, silky, fine and shiny; long neck fur, but short shoulder blade; slightly coat from chest to lower abdomen Was corrugated; a small amount of curling is allowed on the abdomen coat. The body hair should be monochromatic without stripes, but a small amount of dark color is allowed in the seal spots and blue spots. The more obvious the contrast between body hair and spots, the better. The best spots for the face, ears, limbs, and tail are the same color, and the spots and hair tips should not be mixed with white. The four claws should be white.
Coat color: seal, blue, chocolate, lilac, red, cream and tortoiseshell.
Pigmentation: based on the key color, with or without lynx pattern.
Hair quality: The hair is shiny, long and thick, which can cover the whole body.
When choosing a Berman cat, you can judge whether the cat’s appearance is ideal based on the above characteristics. If there is deviation, it proves that the cat may be mixed with other bloodlines. Their personality may be different from that of the purebred cat. Of course, the price is also Will be lower than purebred cats.
Berman cat character characteristics
Berman cats are extremely emotional cats. Their feelings for their owners are completely different from their feelings for others. They hope to get the attention and favor of their owners, and they also hope that their owners can spend more time with them. People who keep Berman cats may find that although cats are very close to themselves, they are not so “friendly” to other people. They may simply refuse to hug them.
Of course, some Berman cats are not naturally afraid of strangers. They can even interact with strangers in a small way, but these do not mean that they have feelings for you at once and want to become the “he” in their hearts. “You still have to learn to accept more tests. But what you don’t need to worry about is that even the timid Berman cats will not be hostile to you because they are naturally docile and friendly, but some cats take a longer time to get used to getting along with you.
Like Persian cats, Berman cats also have a sweet voice. When they want their owner to accompany them, they will scream sweetly. The owners can only surrender and rush to the cat’s embrace. In addition, Berman cats are also typical “Virgo” cats. They love to clean very much. The litter box is not cleaned in time and the living environment is messy, etc. will make them crazy. Therefore, the owner has to do well when raising Berman cats. Hygiene work, otherwise even cats will despise you.
Although Berman cats are domestic cats, they are also very eager to go to the outside world and take a look. If there is a small courtyard in the house, you will find that Berman cats will often observe the courtyard carefully through the glass. You can take cats out for a walk while wearing a leash. It should be noted that when other animals appear, you should pay close attention to the cat’s dynamics. Once you find signs of war, you must immediately intervene.
Berman cat care knowledge
Although Berman cats have not been introduced in China, many people who like Berman cats have bought cats through various channels. However, since almost no one around has raised Berman cats, many owners have made difficulties in how to raise Berman cats. In fact, the owners don’t have to think about how mysterious the Berman cats are. Their maintenance is similar to that of others. There is no big difference between cats, but in some details, the owner may have to make some changes.
1. Deworming and immunization must be done
Achieve regular injections of rabies and other vaccines to Borman cats. When a cat is bitten or scratched, you should go to the hospital for treatment in time. Deworm your cats regularly. If it is a cat that is not used for breeding, it is best to castrate the cat.
2. Feeding should be cautious
When raising Berman cats in the family, you should also take care of the food that people eat as much as possible, and don’t let the cat eat it. Once you find food that has been eaten by the cat, it is best to throw it away and not eat it anymore. When feeding cats with animal liver, it is best not to exceed 1-2 times a week. Otherwise, the Berman cat will easily get sick if he eats too much. During the growth and development period of Berman cats, as well as the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding kittens, some raw meat, raw liver, and milk can be fed appropriately to prevent Borman cats from suffering from vitamin deficiency. If Berman cats are found to have oral ulcers, weight loss, etc., they can also be fed raw meat or raw animal livers.
Three, rigid and flexible training method
When training young Poman cats, both rigidity and flexibility should be applied. Justness is strict requirements. If necessary, strong stimulation can be given. Softness is a kind attitude, patient and meticulous, and rewards in a timely manner. Avoid beating, scolding and rough treatment of kittens. Make kittens form a good conditioned reflex. When you need to catch a cat or hold a Bowman cat, do not scratch the Bowman’s ears, pull the cat’s tail, or scratch the limbs. Otherwise, the cat’s ears may be broken, or the cat may be bitten or scratched. The correct method should be: grab the cat’s neck or back skin with your right hand, quickly hug the cat with your left hand, and at the same time stroke the cat’s head with your right hand.
Fourth, the care of pregnant cats
For pregnant cats, it is best not to have a partial eclipse, otherwise the pregnant cat will be overweight, especially in the later stages of pregnancy, otherwise, it will cause dystocia in pregnant cats. When pregnant cats are giving birth, they should pay attention to keeping the environment quiet, the light should be dark, and people should not watch them casually, and should not touch the pregnant cats. Otherwise, it will affect the normal delivery of pregnant cats, and the phenomenon of female cats refusing to feed or feeding babies. After the cat has given birth, it is best not to disturb the mother cat. Do not clean the delivery box or move the position casually. Don’t move the kittens. If you need to move them, don’t catch them with your hands. Put on clean gloves or use a clean cloth to smear the female cat’s excrement or secretions before moving the kittens. In order to prevent the phenomenon of female cats refusing to catch and feeding offspring.
V. Dealing with the cat’s aftermath
After the Berman cat dies, the dead cat’s body must be disposed of. The corpses of cats that died normally or due to infectious diseases and poisoning must be buried deep or burned. Don’t have a fluke mentality, so as not to cause future troubles. It is best to bury or burn it along with the dead cat’s utensils to prevent infection to other cats or cause environmental pollution.
If you find some abnormal behaviors in the cat during the maintenance process, you should ask the veterinarian for help in time to prevent the cat from getting sick but not getting timely treatment. In addition, because there are relatively few people raising Berman cats, the owner can read some information before buying a Berman cat, and then decide whether to raise a Berman cat after learning about the cat’s basic living habits and susceptibility to diseases.
Berman cat feeding requirements
“Will feeding Berman cat food lead to cat malnutrition” is a commonplace question. Experts say that even if cats do not consume other foods, they will not suffer from malnutrition. But in fact, almost every cat that keeps cats will suffer from malnutrition. People will feed their own cats some homemade cat food, but for cats, although homemade cat food can bring a momentary enjoyment, long-term consumption of improperly processed or unbalanced homemade food can cause many adverse effects on cats 。So when feeding Berman cats, what taboos should the owner pay attention to?
Animal liver: Some cats love to eat animal liver and refuse to eat other foods. Animal liver contains a lot of vitamin A, but excessive intake of vitamin A can cause muscle stiffness, neck pain, bone and joint deformation, and liver disease.
High-fat food: If the cat’s diet contains a lot of high-fat fish or stale fat, it will lead to insufficient intake of vitamin E, which will cause inflammation of the cat’s body fat and extreme pain.
Raw fish: Some raw fish contain enzymes that can destroy vitamin B1, and the lack of vitamin B1 can cause neurological diseases in cats, which can be fatal in severe cases. This enzyme can be destroyed by heating, so be sure to cook the fish after cooking. Feed the cat again.
Meat: Although the cat’s diet should be based on meat, if only meat is fed to the cat, it will lead to uneven intake of minerals and vitamins, which will lead to severe bone metabolism disorders.
Dog food: The nutrients in dog food and cat food are different, and the nutrients in dog food cannot meet the needs of cats. Although cats and dogs are carnivores, dogs have less nutritional needs than cats.
Cod liver oil: Be especially cautious when supplementing cats with extra vitamins and minerals. Excessive consumption of cod liver oil can lead to excessive intake of vitamin A and vitamin D, which can lead to bone diseases.
In addition to the foods mentioned above, the owner must also control the supply of snacks. Although small snacks, they have a great impact on cats. If cats are allowed to eat snacks, they will be more prone to obesity and urinary system than other cats. Disease etc. In addition, in clinical practice, we often encounter Berman cats with high uric acid. This is because the owners know that cats like to eat high-protein foods (such as shrimp) and the uninterrupted supply is caused. The owners must pay attention to it.